Christianity in China

Often unknown, the history of Christianity in China, is truly fascinating. To understand the behaviour of Chinese government towards Christians especially the Roman Catholic Church, it is very important studying Chinese history is essential.
Thanks to Petrus, a Chinese student from Hong-Kong, we managed to discover many things on the Chinese history of Christianity.
The first Christians arrived in China are the Nestorians, during the VII century (ad). They arrived from Orient and made a quick expansion during about 200 years in China.
During the VIIIth century, the Tang dynasty is replaced by another one, during which Christians are chased, and they do not come back before the XIII th century.
During the XIII th century, under the Mongolian Era, the Roman Catholic Church arrives in China. Franciscans were the first Roman Catholics to arrive in 1291. Then, they established the first diocese in Beijing in 1307. But, once more, Christians are chased after the Mongolian area was overthrown in 1368.
They only come back with Saint Francis-Xavier and Mettro Rici in 1552. The latter made tough job to make Catholicism accessible to the Chinese. He especially used Confucianism to explain Catholic faith, which worked very well. Thus, many high-ranking officials converted, and the population followed.
Then, at the beginning of the XIXth century, Protestants arrive in China, from England and Scotland, making a very fast and fruitful expansion to.
Many of high communist dignitaries were actually Christians, such as Chang Kai-Shek or Soong Mei-Ling.
The climax of Christianity’s development in China, was the early XXth century, when religious freedom was established and guaranteed. In 1946, the Roman Catholic Church even establishes a hierarchy.
This expansion is stopped in 1952 by the communists, who have cut diplomatic relations with the Holy See. After a period of persecutions under Mao Ze Dong, Chinese government created its own Church of China, in replacement of the Roman Catholic Church, and the Family Church, a sort of Protestant Chinese Church.
The contemporary dispute between the Holy See and the Chinese Republic, is on the nomination of bishops. An intervention in this domain would be seen as a foreign intrusion by the government of the Republic of China. The recent agreement between Vatican and Chinese government on this issue is very controverted, because of the remaining Chinese monopoly on the nomination of bishops. Cardinal Joseph Zen, cardinal of Taiwan a tough opponent to Communism during his whole life insists the Vatican should make no concessions to the communist government.